Tyler Model of Curriculum

Kimberly Stephens

One of the best known curriculum models was first introduce in 1949 by Ralph Tyler. Edward Thorndike and John Dewey had a major influence on Tyler’s curriculum development model. When designing Tyler model, students’ emotions, feelings, beliefs, and intellect is what help Tyler to design this particular curriculum model. Tyler noted that the idea that children’s interests must be identified so that they can serve as the focus of educational attention which then lead to the basis for selecting objectives (Denham, 2002, p. 2).

Tyler’s 1949 curriculum model is a four part model that consists of objectives, instructional strategies and content, organization of learning experiences, and assessment and evaluation that was designed based on four questions:

1. What educational purposes should the institution seek to attain? (Objectives)

2. What educational experiences are likely to attain these objectives? (Instructional strategies and content)

3. How can these educational experiences be organized effectively? (Organization of learning experiences)

4. How can we determine whether these purposes are being attained? (Assessment and evaluation)

Tyler model focus is solely on teaching and the objectives serves as a basis for devising elements with evaluation of those elements, and reflecting on the degree of achievement of the objectives (Veness, 2010).

Informational Resources:
Tyler’s Model of Curriculum Development. Retrieved from
http://www.sauabologna.com/coursematerials.phpProvides a comprehensive outline that
addresses the four principles of Tyler’s model.
Denham, T. (2002). Comparison of the two curriculum instructional design models: Ralph Tyler
and Siena College accounting class. Siena College, New York.
Veness, D. (2010). Educational reflection: Models and theories of curriculum design. Retrieved
from http://educational-reflections.blogspot.com/2010/11/when-teachers-are-asked-to-develop.html

In order to implement this model into schools we must first understand what we as a school want our students to learn in order to be productive citizens in society and how we plan on teaching the students to be successful. Objectives would have to be designed based on this information and the outcome we are aiming to obtain. After the objectives have been created, schools would them brainstorm on how they will teach the objectives to the students, which many learn and develop differently than others. We would then need to design an assessment to evaluate the effectiveness of the objectives and how effective this model work for the school.

References

Denham, T. (2002). Comparison of the two curriculum instructional design models: Ralph Tyler
and Siena College accounting class. Siena College, New York.
Veness, D. (2010). Educational reflection: Models and theories of curriculum design. Retrieved
from http://educational-reflections.blogspot.com/2010/11/when-teachers-are-asked-to-develop.html